Skip to main content

tv   News  Al Jazeera  June 22, 2014 4:00am-4:31am EDT

4:00 am
>> rebels advance on the road to baghdad. welcome, i'm steven cole, you're watching al jazeera from doha. a major manhunt for a fugitive south korean soldierened in a -- soldier ends in a shoot-out. peacekeeping forces. ghana and germany serve up a world cup thriller. the latest goals in the
4:01 am
programme. first the sunni rebellion is making a major push in anbar. they are 100km from the capital and appear to be readying for a push and battle in amardy. 60 prime ministers -- in ramadi. the army is retreating. they have taken annar and another along a major road running along the alfreighties it lengths with a road on the border. fighters say they have control of the largest oil refinery in baiji. the two sides are fighting for the airport on the road to the syrian border, and fighting for up tos north go on.
4:02 am
let's go to baghdad and imran khan. major gains. tell us about the rebels' gains. >> these major gains that the rebels took from the syrian border. what is happening is when you e reopen the syrian borders, you can get supplies into the provinces. the iraqi army equipment - humvees, howe itsers, is not staying in iraq. it's being shipped to syria by the islamic state of iraq and levant for use in syria. that is concerning to a lot of people here. once they open the border and a very well of it, it means the
4:03 am
iraqi army fight back will be more difficult than it is already. if you move down south, there's a main highway that takes you from baghdad into jordan. towns on that road are already coming under the control of i.s.i.l. if they take the key roads on the border in anbar province, they are taking over the vast major city of anbar province, they control a lot of western desert. this seams to be a tack -- seems to be a tactical push to open the border with syria to get equipment into iraq and send equipment back to syria. >> so equal priority, is that what you are saying. the war in syria as well as the war in iraq. why are not the sunni tribes fighting back, or are they? >> well, what's happening is in 2006, '07 and '08 you had the awakening councils that fought
4:04 am
back against al qaeda at the time. they were effective, backed up by americans. a lot of iraqis are asking why aren't the sunni tribal leaders fighting back. what we are hearing is they are not willing to fight unless the prime minister nouri al-maliki is - steps down and/or is deposed in some way. they don't have the confidence, so they are waiting, but the worry is that the longer the sunni tribal leaders wait for prime minister nouri al-maliki to step down, the more entrenched the islamic state of iraq and levant and the other sunni rebels become and the morable they are to control the areas that they are in, and mosul is key. that's a big arm for them, and a big source of money as well. so the more - the longer this happens, the lopping are the sunni tribal leaders wait for the process to take place, the more difficult it will be for the fight back and it's a concern not just from the iraqis, but from the americans
4:05 am
and other foreign interests here. imran khan in baghdad. there has been a shoot-out between seen troops and a soldier who shot and killed five other soldiers. a platoon leader has been injured in gun fire close to an elementary school during a major manhunt across the area, close to the border with north koreament harry fawcett joins us from seoul. bring us up to date with what happened. there was a shooting and five soldiers were killed. do they have a conscript the sergeant cornered. >> that's what the defence ministry is saying. this happened 18 hours after the initial incident at a border post south of the demilitarized zone. at 8:. sa this man known by his surname, sergeant lim carried out the shooting in which it's
4:06 am
alleged five died, seven injured, two critically. then he was on the run. there was a huge manhunt. three,000 to 4,000 soldiers looking for him. it seems he got down from the mountains towards the coastline to this village, and at a checkpoint near the elementary school, the defence ministerry says he opened fire, a platoon leader was shot. local resident telling local media more than 10 round were exchanged in the shooting, and now the defense ministry says they are surrounding him and persuading him to surrender. under the rules of engagement in south korea, the fact that the military said he fired first means that they would be entitled to shoot to kill if necessary. >> do we know why this sergeant started shooting in the first place? i suppose the obvious theory he had a mental
4:07 am
breakdown. >> well, that is something that is being pointed to by some background. we have no conclusive motive for this being talked about. he was assessed as all new recruitsar when recruited into the army. 70% of the military are conscripts. you have to serve a mandatory two year service in south korea. and everybody gets assessed when they come in. he was under continued special assessment because of problems he had adjusting to military life. this region in the north-east of south korea is isolated, it's mountainous. living conditions are not oozy and it's intense set of work and tasks these people have guarding not just the border but the coastline which is another potential point of entry. all of that, combined with the fact that he was under special safety was categorised as an a
4:08 am
risk. downgraded to a b list, cording to local reports. it suggests there was a problem. the fact he was downgrade meant he was entitled to serve in the post and had access that he did have to guns and live ammunition. >> thank you harry. four palestinians have been killed in a search for three missing israeli teenagers. israeli so far ass arrested 420 palestinians in a passive search operation, the raids triggered clashes in ramallah and elsewhere. three israeli teens went missing near a west bank settlement. we have more from jerusalem. >> the two deaths that happened in the occupied west bank on saturday bring the death toll since the season for the missing
4:09 am
israeli teenagers started to four. one death in nablus as palestinians confronted the army. the fourth in ramallah is not clear. it's not clear whether that death was the result of fire from palestinian security forces or the israeli army. there were ugly scenes according to eyewitnesss, after the israelis finished their raids in ramallah, an angry crowd attacked a police station. palestinian security forces were forced to fire in the air to disperse the crowd. the body was found on a roof top. it's not clear who killed it. what is clear is that tensions are growing across the occupied west bank. they are fully cooperating with the israelis in the hunt for the missing teenagers. that is causing tensions across the west bank. a funding dispute is threatening the future of u.n.
4:10 am
peacekeeping occupation. if diplomats fail to strike a deal, there won't be a budget. james bays reports. the u.n. has peacekeepers in 16 missions around the world. they are authorised strength is reaching a record high, over 100,000 troops and police in u.n. blue helmets. there's a funding crisis. diplomats can't grey on a budget. if there's not a deal by the end of the month, peacekeepers in all the missions will have no money and will not be able to operate. most of the u.n. troops come from the developing world. these are from rwanda. the main funding by we were nations. this is a row pitching the world's richest countries against some of the poorest on earth. this man is ambassador. bank la dsh, a country with
4:11 am
8,000 personnel serving with the u.n. bangladesh is obligated to help the u.n. when the u.n. ask, we respond positively. when the troops can't get the minimum - what should i say - facilities, then it is demoralizing, we want our guys fully equipped and energized so they can perform the job effectively and efficiently. >> the dispute over funding comes at a time when the u.n. must find troops for missions in mali, south sudan, and set up a peacekeeping operation in the central african republic. there hasn't been a major increase in the money the u.n. pays to countries that contributes troops for years. the u.n. pays an average of $1,200 per peace keeper per month. some countries want it increased to as much as $1,700. the total for the peacekeeping
4:12 am
budget stands at about $7.3 billion, but next year it could rise to more than $9 billion. crunch negotiations will continue, but in a supreme irony, because the talks have gone on there's no budget left for translators or support staff. they will not meet in these corridors, they'll have meetings outside the building. still to come in this half hour - pope francis gets tough on organised crime, banishing the italian mafia from the catholic church. we show you an ancient kingdom in myanmar which may become the next world heritage site
4:13 am
4:14 am
4:15 am
welcome back. i'm stephen cole. a reminder of the top stories in al jazeera. sunni fighters are making app advance in anbar projips, west of baghdad. the army retreated from haed ether. rebels are advancing towards ramadi, 100km from baghdad. >> there has been a shoot out between seen troops and a soldier who shot and killed five others. the soldier was tracked to an area near a school. >> palestinians have been killed in the search for three missing israeli teenagers. israeli forces arrested more
4:16 am
than 400 palestinians in a mass isearch operation. >> one of the most important battles in iraq has been for the baiji oil refineries. it's causing power shortages. in the northern si people have been -- city people have been queueing for hours to buy fuel, with mixed results, hoda abdel-hamid reports. >> reporter: early morning, angry people block the road. they had been waiting for hours at the petrol station in vain. tempers were so high. warning shots couldn't dislodge them. >> translation: the gor said he would -- governor said he would solve the problem. selling to odd and even licence plates. i pashed here last night. until now i have not been able to get fuel. they tell me there isn't any.
4:17 am
>> we measured one of the queues. those that made it to the pump only got 30 litres. many of the stations are shut down. the short started after the refinery came under attack. it provides oil for domestic consumption. it accounts for a quarter of the country's capacity. it had an impact on domestic consumption. wherever you dry here, you see the fuel tankers. they are bringing oil to the refinery. people are angry because they say everything is for export. >> hundreds of truck drivers transport oil daily. >> it is not because we have not enough fuel in kurdistan. i think personally some of
4:18 am
people here, some businessman. they are resist useful the situation. they have the pipeline in turkey. it will be no problem. >> many blame this for the crisis. >> translation: we are sure there's a lot of oil, but they will not give it to the people, just special cars or people they know, and these go to mosul and sell it there. >> reporter: the regional government says the shortage is due to displaced iraqis. whatever the cause, iraqis have two choices. wait for hours or pay five times the price per litre on the black market. pope francis launched his strongest attack to date against organised crime, visiting a
4:19 am
mafia strong hold in italy. the pope said gangsters are evil and will be ex-communicated. under a scorching cal abrian sun, the pope arrived to deliver his strongest attack yet on the mafia and the heart of his own territory. this was a mass, but he delivered a speech saying that the mafia clan that thrives here was the adoration of evil. the church had though do more for the common good to prevail. >> the question is will the pope's words make any difference? >> some here believe that the mafia are too powerful to be challenged and have, op occasions -- on occasion, infiltrated the church. earlier the pope visited criminals at a locality gaol. in a private meeting he comforted the imprisoned father of a 3-year-old boy killed after being caught in a local mafia
4:20 am
shoot-out this year. it was that tragedy that prompted the pope's visit. he had this message for the prisoners, who he urged to repent. >> i want to express to you my personal closeness and that of the church, to all the men and women imprisoned in every part of the world. >> they have been preparing for the visit for weeks. many here have suffered first hand the violence of the mafia, and hope for change. >> the church is the only agency that can win against the mafia. the pope can change people's conscience. if that changes the mafia, it will not enter the new generation, and that is what we are fighting for. >> as the pope returned to rome, for now the mafia remains undiminished. its power and influence growing.
4:21 am
a verdict in the trial of three al jazeera journalists in egypt is expected in the next 24 hours. peter greste, mohamed fadel fahmy and baher mohamed have been behind bars for 176 days. they are accused of collaborating with the muslim brotherhood. barnaby phillips reports. >> you are watching closely the trials of al jazeera staff and journal its in egypt. . >> reporter: it's a message that resonated far and wide, that journalively is not a crime, in a free society reporters need to speak to all sides. the men in the cage have paid a heavy price in defense of this right. peter greste. respected journalists. they have been behind bars for 176 days. the egyptian authorities accused them of spreading lies, having links to a terrorist
4:22 am
organization. many disagree. many have spoken out in defence of the al jazeera team. >> we'd like to live in a world where we can go about our lawful business without intense, as anybody, a doctor, a lawyer. it's not about democracy, just about freedom. not saying journalists are above the law or that there are special rules. in this snaps, and instances like this, if they are doing their job legitimately, people should not be obstructed from doing that and put in prison. >> reporter: campaign events have tape place in -- taken place in 30 countries around the world. many have tweested using the -- tweeted using the hashtag free aj's staff. the tweets reached more than 74.4 million twitter accounts. the al jazeera campaign
4:23 am
attracted support from people all over the world, but the challenge or any social media campaign is to translate success in the virtual world into results in the real world, turning the retreats and online petitions into pressure on people in positions of power. after all, even the famous tweeters don't always come out op top straight away. campaigners helped peter greste's family raises 58,000 sit calling for his release. they feel it made a dins. >> egyptian authorities respond to international pressure. we are aware of that. the feed back, knowing that they are there with thousands behind them gives them the strength to go in and have the conversations, and they are backed up by thousand. >> reporter: now they wait for the court's decision. they and supporters felt the
4:24 am
case has gone on far too long. >> preventing attacks on cultural sites is part of the agenda of the 38th session of the world heritage committee. qatar says it's donating millions but there is more concern about ancient monuments destroyed in conflict areas. the tomb of a 12th century philosopher was destroyed by fighters in the islamic state of iraq and levant last book. the minaret of the great mosque built in the 8th century was damaged. it's one of six heritage sites destroyed during the war. al qaeda-linked fighters destroyed shrines and artefacts in timbuktu in 2012. dell dates are planning to vote to add new sites to the world heritage lists.
4:25 am
three sites are being considered. we have more from one of the ancient sites in the national park. >> it's a world away from where the decision makers are, that hasn't stopped the people asking for dive join inter -- dye in intervention. they are from a town near central myanmar and regard u.n.e.s.c.o. heritage listing as an honour. >> translation: there are many cultural relition and buildings in this -- relics and buildings in this old city. >> the three cities are part of the pew kingdom that existed for about 1,000 years. people traded with india around the fifth century, leading to the spread of buddhism throughout south-east asia. not much is known about the pew. they lived in big cities. they built a sophisticated system of irrigation and spoke a
4:26 am
language that is extinct. >> reporter: archeologists working in the bigst of three cities believe they have uncovered 20% of it. the importance of the pew site is they are rare examples of the urbanization of society of that era. experts want the area protected. something world heritage status offered. >> the area is fragile. we are committed to great pressure. and in very quick time, we can have a disaster because you can disappear quickly. >> at least there are staunch protectors. the town nearest to the site set up a heritage site in the '50s. funded and staffed, the trust
4:27 am
runs. it is to ensure that artefacts remain in myanmar. >> the cities exist in more than 2,000 years ago. it is the history of our forefathers. it may be of little interest to some people. but we want to resolve it. >> reporter: a world heritage listing brings in funds and technical know how, and gives a sense of pride to the people and tells them their history is worth preserving. breaking news - the u.s. secretary of state john kerry has arrived in cairo for talks with new president abdul fatah al-sisi. these are the highest level talks between the u.s. and egypt
4:28 am
since he won the role of president. brazil's ruling workers party supported ruse eff to run for election, shaping up to be the toughest race. the popularity is falling because of brazil's high cost of living. they are throwing economy. without the cup african countries. we'll start the roundup. sara coates reports. meth's blushes will be saved. >> could this be the world cup where lionel messi achieves the greatness of maradona. he was 26 when he led maradona to world cup glory, the same age as messi now. the own us was on the barcelona
4:29 am
man to provide the inspiration against iran. it took until injury time, but the goal was worth waiting for. argentina into the last 16. saturday's second game only came to light in the second half as they played out a thrilling 2-2 draw. the germans with the lead. ghana sprung into action. andre scoring the equalizer three minutes later. they gave the west africans the lead. they couldn't hold on. the substitute snatched the equalizer and equalled as the top scorer in the world cup. the african champions took on bosnia. they should have taken the lead in the first half, but the goal was wrongly disallowed for offside, and to rub salt in the
4:30 am
wound minutes later, peter scored the winner for the super-eagles. going second in group f behind argentina. >> that's the website. the latest news sports. i am lisa fletcher and you are this. today thousands of minors are crossing the u.s. mexico board alone and ending up in shelters under federal custody. just how unanticipated was the surge and subsequent shellerring crisis. plus undocumented pima frayed to report crimes because of their immigration status. how that fear could be turning their communities in to targets. and later, rogue soldiers in the mexican army. confrontations between border protection and mexican soldier on his u.s. soil. sometimes resulting in attacks